RNAscope® technology has grown at an uprecedented rate >200 new peer-reviewed publications during 2015.
Mol Cancer Res.
2016 Jul 11
Jackson H, Granger D, Jones G, Anderson L, Friel S, Rycroft D, Fieles W, Tunstead J, Steward M, Wattam T, Walker A, Griggs J, Al-Hajj M, Shelton C.
PMID: 27401612 | DOI: 27401612
Kidney International (2016).
2016 Mar 25
Madan B, Patel MB, Zhang J, Bunte RM, Rudemiller NP, Griffiths R, Virshup DM, Crowley SD.
PMID: - | DOI: -
Activated Wnt signaling is critical in the pathogenesis of renal fibrosis, a final common pathway for most forms of chronic kidney disease. Therapeutic intervention by inhibition of individual Wnts or downstream Wnt/β-catenin signaling has been proposed, but these approaches do not interrupt the functions of all Wnts nor block non-canonical Wnt signaling pathways. Alternatively, an orally bioavailable small molecule, Wnt-C59, blocks the catalytic activity of the Wnt-acyl transferase porcupine, and thereby prevents secretion of all Wnt isoforms. We found that inhibiting porcupine dramatically attenuates kidney fibrosis in the murine unilateral ureteral obstruction model. Wnt-C59 treatment similarly blunts collagen mRNA expression in the obstructed kidney. Consistent with its actions to broadly arrest Wnt signaling, porcupine inhibition reduces expression of Wnt target genes and bolsters nuclear exclusion of β-catenin in the kidney following ureteral obstruction. Importantly, prevention of Wnt secretion by Wnt-C59 blunts expression of inflammatory cytokines in the obstructed kidney that otherwise provoke a positive feedback loop of Wnt expression in collagen-producing fibroblasts and epithelial cells. Thus, therapeutic targeting of porcupine abrogates kidney fibrosis not only by overcoming the redundancy of individual Wnt isoforms but also by preventing upstream cytokine-induced Wnt generation. These findings reveal a novel therapeutic maneuver to protect the kidney from fibrosis by interrupting a pathogenic crosstalk loop between locally generated inflammatory cytokines and the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway.
J Am Heart Assoc.
2016 Mar 15
Mizutani M, Wu JC, Nusse R.
PMID: - | DOI: -
Background The adult mammalian heart responds to cardiac injury by formation of persistent fibrotic scar that eventually leads to heart failure. In contrast, the neonatal mammalian heart reacts to injury by the development of transient fibrotic tissue that is eventually replaced by regenerated cardiomyocytes. How fibrosis occurs in the neonatal mammalian heart remains unknown. To start elucidating the molecular underpinnings of neonatal cardiac fibrosis, we investigated Wnt signaling in the neonatal heart after cryoinjury.
Methods and Results Using expression of the Wnt target gene Axin2 as an indicator of Wnt/β‐catenin signaling activation, we discovered that epicardial cells in the ventricles are responsive to Wnt in the uninjured neonatal heart. Lineage‐tracing studies of these Wnt‐responsive epicardial cells showed that they undergo epithelial‐to‐mesenchymal transition and infiltrate into the subepicardial space and exhibit fibroblast phenotypes after injury. In addition, we showed that—similar to adult ischemic injury—neonatal cryoinjury results in activation of Wnt signaling in cardiac fibroblasts near injured areas. Furthermore, through in situ hybridization of all 19 Wnt ligands in injured neonatal hearts, we observed upregulation of Wnt ligands (Wnt2b, Wnt5a, and Wnt9a) that had not been implicated in the adult cardiac injury response.
Conclusions These results demonstrate that cryoinjury in neonatal heart leads to the formation of fibrotic tissue that involves Wnt‐responsive epicardial cells undergoing epithelial‐to‐mesenchymal transition to give rise to fibroblasts and activation of Wnt signaling in resident cardiac fibroblasts.
J Clin Invest.
2016 Apr 04
Ma F, Ye H, He HH, Gerrin SJ, Chen S, Tanenbaum BA, Cai C, Sowalsky AG, He L, Wang H, Balk SP, Yuan X.
PMID: 27043282 | DOI: 27043282
The transcription factor SOX9 is critical for prostate development, and dysregulation of SOX9 is implicated in prostate cancer (PCa). However, the SOX9-dependent genes and pathways involved in both normal and neoplastic prostate epithelium are largely unknown. Here, we performed SOX9 ChIP sequencing analysis and transcriptome profiling of PCa cells and determined that SOX9 positively regulates multiple WNT pathway genes, including those encoding WNT receptors (frizzled [FZD] and lipoprotein receptor-related protein [LRP] family members) and the downstream β-catenin effector TCF4. Analyses of PCa xenografts and clinical samples both revealed an association between the expression of SOX9 and WNT pathway components in PCa. Finally, treatment of SOX9-expressing PCa cells with a WNT synthesis inhibitor (LGK974) reduced WNT pathway signaling in vitro and tumor growth in murine xenograft models. Together, our data indicate that SOX9 expression drives PCa by reactivating the WNT/β-catenin signaling that mediates ductal morphogenesis in fetal prostate and define a subgroup of patients who would benefit from WNT-targeted therapy.
Data in Brief
2017 Apr 08
Goad J, Ko YA, Syed SM, Crossingham YJ, Tanwar PS.
PMID: - | DOI: -
Wnt signaling plays an important role in uterine organogenesis and oncogenesis. Our mRNA expression data documents the expression of various Wnt pathway members during the key stages of uterine epithelial gland development. Our data illustrates the expression of Wnt signaling inhibitors (Axin2, Sfrp2, Sfrp4, Dkk1 and Dkk3) in mice uteri at postnatal day 6 (PND 6) and day 15 (PND 15). They also describe the expression pattern of the Wnt ligands (Wnt1, Wnt2, Wnt2b, Wnt3, Wnt3a, Wnt5b, Wnt7b, Wnt8a, Wnt8b, Wnt9a, Wnt9b, Wnt10a and Wnt10b) in mice uteri with or without progesterone treatment. Detailed interpretation and discussion of these data is presented in the research article entitled “Differential Wnt signaling activity limits epithelial gland development to the anti-mesometrial side of the mouse uterus” .
Science, 342(6163), 1226–1230.
Lim X, Tan SH, Koh WL, Chau RM, Yan KS, Kuo CJ, van Amerongen R, Klein AM, Nusse R (2013).
PMID: 24311688 | DOI: 24311688
Science. 2015 Jun 26;348(6242):aaa6071.
Jain R, Li D, Gupta M, Manderfield LJ, Ifkovits JL, Wang Q, Liu F, Liu Y, Poleshko A, Padmanabhan A, Raum JC, Li L, Morrisey EE, Lu MM, Won KJ, Epstein JA.
PMID: 26113728 | DOI: 26113728
Elife. 2015 Jan 28;4:e05290.
O'Brown NM, Summers BR, Jones FC, Brady SD, Kingsley DM.
PMID: 25629660 | DOI: 25629660
Dev Biol. 2015 Feb 26
Snowball J, Ambalavanan M, Cornett B, Lang R, Whitsett J, Sinner D.
PMID: 25727890 | DOI: 25727890
Dev Biol. 2015 Jun 17.
Snowball J, Ambalavanan M, Whitsett J, Sinner D.
PMID: 26093309 | DOI: 26093309
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